How to prevent and treat diseases in Fish

with No Comments

1. Disease of Red-spot, Hemorrhage, Head-edema:

a. Cause: By bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas sp.

b. Symptom:

Disease of Red-spot, Hemorrhage:
Fish swims lethargically on water surface. Body appears small red spots. There is a phenomenon of hemorrhage at the corner of fins or in intestinal wall. Belly of fish is swollen which contains pink or yellow fluid. Fish eats less or stops eating. In case of heavy Hemorrhage, fish will die rapidly.

Head-adema disease:
Fish swims lethargically; head is swollen; anus occurs hemorrhage. Disease usually occurs in the middle time of two seasons (November, December) or in dry season (February, March), especially in case that fish is shocked (by environment or transportation) and high content of organic in pond.

c. Prevention and treatment:

PreventionTreatment
– Water treatment:
Decompose waste in pond floor, absorb toxic gas, avoid water pollution by one of following products:
+ YUCCA PRO 1liter/ 3,000 m3;
+ WATER CLEAN 1liter/ 1,600 m3;
+ MARINE ZEOLITE 20 -3 0kg/ 1,000 m3;
+ BIO UV 1kg/ 6,000 – 8,000 m3;
+ Use at 7 – 8 am or 3 – 4 pm, when it is cool. Use every 5-7 days periodically.
+ Notes: No change water in first 2 days of treatment, next days can exchange 20-30% amount of water in pond.Kill bacteria in water by one of following products:
+ HIVIDINE 90 1liter/ 5,000 m3;
+ GLUTADIN 1liter/ 8,000 m3;
+ BE FIRST 1liter/ 3,000 m3;
+ SAFE 80 1liter/  2,000 m3.
+ Use every 7-10 days periodically.
+ Time for using product is different, please see details in label of product.– Increase fish’s resistance against disease:
Use ENEVON (dioxidize residue of antibiotic  in fish body); supply VITALET PRO (multi-vitamins); HEPATIC (liver nutrition, liver detoxification); SPEED MAX (enzyme); VITA C (vitamin C).
– Improve water quality in pond:
+ Sanitize water in pond by HIVIDINE 90 1liter/ 5,000 m3 or GLUTADINE 1liter/ 8,000 m3 .
+ Treat 2 times; skip 1 day then treat the second time. Apply at 5 – 6pm when it is cool.– Feed:
+ SULDOCIN 1kg/ 10 ton of fish or VENRO 20 1liter/ 20 – 25 ton of fish, FLOFE 40 1liter/ 30- 40 ton of fish.
+ Feed fish 5-7 consecutive days.
Note:
+ Check water quality and treat water periodically, not leave pond water so dirty.
+ Reduce 20 – 30% food when treatment.

Treatment:
Use BKC or MAX DINE 90 or HIVIDINE 90 or GLUTADINE to treat water in pond in 2 consecutive days, then feed fish with SUNDOSIN + VENRO 20.

2. Pus-in-liver disease (white spots in liver):

a. Cause: By bacteria Edwardsiella tarda, E.ictaluri.

b. Symptom:

– Fish will lose moving function due to torn caudal fin. It may occur wounds under epidermis, muscle; when pressing on them, stunk smell will get out; these wounds will make surrounding muscle get necrosis.
– Disease occurs due to poor water quality, feeding fish with high density; disease develops conveniently at temperature 30oC. However, disease also occurs when temperature fluctuates unusually. E. ictaluri is bacteria that cause pus-in-liver disease to Catfish.
– This disease is very dangerous and difficult for treatment. It may lead mass of fish die, especially in phase of baby fish until fish under 600g of weight/fish.

c. Prevention and treatment:

PreventionTreatment
– Water treatment:
Decompose waste in pond floor, absorb toxic gas, avoid water pollution by one of following products:
+ YUCCA PRO 1liter/ 3,000 m3;
+ WATER CLEAN 1liter/ 1,600 m3
+ MARINE ZEOLITE 20 – 30kg/ 1,000 m3;
+ BIO UV 1kg/ 6,000 – 8,000 m3;
+ Use at 7 – 8 am or 3 – 4 pm, when it is cool. Use every 5-7 days periodically.
+ Notes: No change water in first 2 days of treatment, next days can exchange 20-30% amount of water in pond.Kill bacteria in water by one of following products:
+ HIVIDINE 90 1liter/ 5,000 m3;
+ GLUTADIN 1liter/ 8,000 m3;
+ BE FIRST 1liter/ 3,000 m3;
+ SAFE 80 1liter/  2,000 m3.
+ Use every 7 – 10 days periodically.
+ Time for using product is different, please see details in label of product.– Increase fish’s resistance against disease:
Use ENEVON (dioxidize residue of antibiotic  in fish body); supply VITALET PRO (multi-vitamins); HEPATIC (liver nutrition, liver detoxification); SPEED MAX (enzyme); VITA C (vitamin C).
– Improve water quality in pond:
Sanitize water in pond by PERFECT or KP1 (only use for Catfish).– Feed:
+ Use VENRO 20 + FLOFE 40 or FLOFE 40 + SULDOCIN.
+ In case that liver of fish changes into yellow color, we should not use antibiotic but detoxicate liver by ENEVON + HEPATIC + VITALET PRO in 3 consecutive days, then we use antibiotic. It will be more effective.

Prevent and treat effectively popular diseases in fish such as white skin, inner and outer parasite, white gill, white liver, yellow skin, yellow meat.

3. White-skin disease:

a. Cause:

By bacteria Flexibacter colummaris.

b. Symptom:

Skin is covered by mucus. Fish swims weakly and separately from group, eats less or stops eating. There are ulcers with fungi on body. Fins are torn significantly or truncated. To fish with heavy sickness, it will die under pond floor.

c. Prevention and treatment:

PreventionTreatment
– Water treatment:
Decompose waste in pond floor, absorb toxic gas, avoid water pollution by one of following products:
+ YUCCA PRO 1liter/ 3,000 m3;
+ WATER CLEAN 1liter/ 1,600m3;
+ MARINE ZEOLITE 20 – 30kg/ 1,000 m3;
+ BIO UV 1kg/ 6,000 – 8,000 m3;
+ Use at 7 – 8 am or 3 – 4 pm, when it is cool. Use every 5 – 7 days periodically.
+ Notes: No change water in first 2 days of treatment, next days can exchange 20 – 30% amount of water in pond.– Kill bacteria in water by one of following products:+ HIVIDINE 90 1liter/ 5,000 m3;+ GLUTADIN 1liter/ 8,000 m3;+ BE FIRST 1liter/ 3,000 m3;

+ SAFE 80 1liter/  2,000 m3.

+ Use every 7 – 10 days periodically.

+ Time for using product is different, please see details in label of product.

– Increase fish’s resistance against disease:
Use ENEVON (dioxidize residue of antibiotic  in fish body); supply VITALET PRO (multi-vitamins); HEPATIC (liver nutrition, liver detoxification); SPEED MAX (enzyme); VITA C (vitamin C).

– Improve water quality in pond:
Dissolve salt water with OXYTETRACYCLINE then throw to fish; or can treat water by HIVIDINE 90 or PERFECT or KP1 (Only use for Catfish).Feed:
+ Use ENEVON 1kg/ 20 tons of fish + HEPATIC 1kg/ 20 tons of fish + VITALET PRO 1kg/ 20 tons of fish + SPEED MAX 1kg/ 500kg of feed, use continuously until fish is recovery from sickness.

4. Outer parasite:

a. Cause:

By Rotatoria, Ichthyophthirius multifilliis, Monogenoidea.

b. Symptom:

Fish swims slowly, sometimes its skin covered by a velius layer. Small hemorrhage points on fish body can be seen by observation. Gill of fish is swollen and pallidly. The disease usually arises in November and December. Fish floats head continuously, if this situation lasts long time, fish will be weak and easy to get other sickness.

c. Prevention and treatment:

PreventionTreatment
– Water treatment:
– PERFECT 1 liter/ 1,500 m3 – 2,000 m3.
– KP1 (only use for Catfish) 100ml/ 5,000 – 8,000 m3
– Use every 7 – 10 days periodically.
– Notes:
+ Time for using product is different, please see details in label of product.
+ Reduce food in the day using product.– Increase fish’s resistance against disease:
Use ENEVON (dioxidize residue of antibiotic  in fish body); supply VITALET PRO (multi-vitamins); HEPATIC (liver nutrition, liver detoxification); SPEED MAX (enzyme); VITA C (vitamin C).
– Use one of following products:
+ PERFECT 1liter/1,500 m3
+ KP1 (only use for Catfish) 100ml/ 5,000 – 6,000 m3 (dissolve 100ml with 200 liters of water, then throw to pond).– Time for use:
+ Use PERFECT at 7 – 8am or 3 – 4pm.
+ Use KP1 when heavy sunshine 9 – 10am or 2 – 3pm.– Notes:
+ Reduce food in the day of treatment.
+ 12 hours after treatment, change water.
+ KP1 only use for Catfish and weight  over 30g (>30g/fish).

5. Inner parasite:

a. Cause:

By worm, fluke enter intestine, biliary tract, gallbladder.

b. Prevention and treatment:

PreventionTreatment
– Use one of following products:
+ Q TOPS 1kg/ 10 – 12 ton of fish.
+ KP2 (only use for Catfish) 1liter/ 60 ton of fish.
+ Feed in 2 consecutive days.
+ KP2 only use for fish> 100g/fish.
+ Use every 30 days periodically.– Increase fish’s resistance against disease:
Use ENEVON (dioxidize residue of antibiotic  in fish body); supply VITALET PRO (multi-vitamins); HEPATIC (liver nutrition, liver detoxification); SPEED MAX (enzyme); VITA C (vitamin C).
– Use one of following products:
+ Q TOPS 1kg/ 8-10 ton of fish.
+ KP2 (only use for Catfish) 1liter/ 50 – 60 ton of fish. (Used for fish> 100g).– Time for use:
Feed in 2 consecutive days.

6. Disease of white gill, white liver:

a. Improve water quality:

– Use one of following products:
+ YUCCA PRO 1liter/ 3,000 m3 of water, use at cool afternoon.
+ KP1 (only use for Catfish) 100ml/ 6,000 m3 of water, apply 9 -10 am.
– Notes:
+ Stop feed fish 2 – 3 days during treatment.
+ After treatment 12 hours change water, then use HIVIDINE 90.

b. Feed:

– After treatment 2 – 3 days, reduce 50% food, mix ENEVON with feed at dosage of 1kg/ 20 ton of fish + HEPATIC 1kg/20 ton of fish+ VITALET PRO 1kg/ 20 ton of fish + SPEED MAX 1kg/ 500kg of food. Use continuously until fish recover from disease.

7. Disease of yellow skin and yellow meat:

a. Improve water quality:

– Use one of following products:
+ BEST CLEANER 1liter/ 1,000 m3  of water + YUCCA PRO 1liter/ 3,000 m3 of water (2 days).
+ KP 1 (only use for Catfish): 100ml/ 5,000 m3 (2 days).

b. Feed:

+ KP 2 (only use for Catfish): 1liter/ 50 ton of fish (2 days).
+ Supply continuously EVERON + HEPATIC + VITALET PRO + SPEED MAX.
– Notes:
+ Change water after 12 hours.
+ Reduce 30 – 50% food.

Tiệp Phát

Leave a Reply